Turkey is not a signatory to the 1982 UN Convention Governing Maritime Boundaries and does not recognise the Southern Republic of Cyprus and its agreements on an exclusive economic zone with Egypt, Lebanon and Israel. According to the Turkish newspaper Daily Sabah, the new agreement consists of the creation of 200 nautical miles of EEZ and an 18.6 nautical mile installation of the continental eleven.  According to Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Turkey`s position is that it protects its sovereign rights over the blue economy and defends its legal rights in the controversial Mediterranean territory.  In addition, according to Anadolu Agency, the legality of EEZ borders in the Mediterranean should be determined by continental shelf and continental countries, not by island-based calculations.  Some analysts believe that Erdogan`s allegations regarding the maritime border in the eastern Mediterranean were specifically aimed at blocking the pipeline plan. The agreement, which would allow them to use large areas of the Mediterranean and potential energy resources, has been denounced by Greece, Cyprus and other countries. Under the new agreement, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece and Israel cannot explore or build future gas pipelines without prior permission from Turkey. Israel maintains that unilateral action does not allow Ankara to prevent the construction of a gas pipeline between the Leviathan field and Cyprus, Crete, Greece and Europe. Even the EU, often critical of Israel, agrees.
Egypt also criticized the deal and called it “illegal.” Turkey and the GNA also signed an agreement on security and military cooperation last year. Earlier this year, Turkey sent troops, Syrian mercenaries and other military backers to help the GNA repel an attack by rival eastern-based Libyan National Army and turn the tide of the conflict. The deal is a response to a similar deal reached last year between Turkey and the Libyan government in Tripoli, which has heightened tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean region. The agreement between Turkey and Libya has been widely seen by Egypt, Cyprus and Greece as a violation of their economic rights in the oil-rich sea. The European Union says that this is an intentional violation of law that threatens stability in the region.