In the 1952 U.S. presidential election, Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower sharply criticized President Harry S. Truman`s treatment of war. After his victory, Eisenhower kept his promise to “go to Korea.” His trip convinced him that something new was needed to break the diplomatic stalemate in the peace talks that had begun in July 1951. Eisenhower began to publicly suggest that the United States could use its nuclear arsenal to break the military stalemate in Korea. It allowed the Taiwanese Chinese Nationalist government to harass airstrikes against mainland China. The President has also pressured his former South Korean government to abandon some of its demands in order to speed up the peace process. Both sides regularly accuse each other of violating the agreement, but accusations have multiplied due to rising tensions over North Korea`s nuclear program. Whether or not Eisenhower`s threats contributed to nuclear attacks, until July 1953, all parties to the conflict were ready to sign an agreement to end the bloodshed.
The ceasefire signed on 27 July set up a committee of representatives from neutral countries to decide the fate of thousands of prisoners of war on both sides. It was eventually decided that prisoners of war could choose their own destiny – to stay where they were or return to their home countries. A new border was drawn between North and South Korea, giving South Korea additional territory and demilitarizing the zone between the two nations. U.S. intervention turned the page on war, and soon U.S. and South Korean forces rushed to North Korea and that country`s border with China.