While the introduction and continued operation of safety management systems by operators/service providers is at the heart of a state`s security agenda, the scope of the safety program is much broader. It also includes security activities assigned to public authorities, as well as the management and development of interfaces between a wide range of organizations and institutions that share responsibility for air traffic safety. These organisations can be categorized into several categories: twenty years ago, EUROAO`s ESARR 3 set similar safety requirements for air navigation service providers (SSA) with regard to air traffic management (ATM). These requirements defined a slightly different scope and referred to one of the provisions: the framework for the implementation and maintenance of a state`s security program is included in Chapter 11 of the ICAO SMM. It consists of four components and ten elements described below: Doc 9859 lists the following themes as essential for the executives and executives responsible for organizations to carry out their security training missions: the State has identified and defined the requirements, responsibilities and responsibilities of the CAA with regard to the implementation and maintenance of the national security program. These include guidelines for planning, organizing, developing, monitoring and continuously improving the state`s security program in a way that meets the state`s security needs. It also contains a clear statement on the provision of the human and financial resources necessary for the implementation of the state security maintenance programme. At best, the promotion of safety generates a willingness to do what is right at the right time in response to normal and emergency situations in the aviation sector. It is now an important part of security management initiatives around the world.
The promotion of security is based on two operational elements of SMS: [management] and security security. The synchronization of the three priority areas helps aviation stakeholders control latent and operational risks and maintain a balance between production and protection. Finally, the dissemination of safety lessons remains an essential element in reducing air risk. Often, the dissemination of education closely complements safety training. The ICAO document adds: “The security officer should also ensure that lessons learned from investigations and case stories or experience, both internal and other organizations, are widely disseminated.” Initial and recurrent training recommended by ICAO on the role of each staff member in SMS should include the following competency issues in order to maintain their safety promotion skills: ICAO requires aviation service providers to “develop and maintain a safety training program that ensures that staff are trained and competent to carry out their SMS missions.” Training programs should be tailored to the needs and complexity of the organization.